The Yucatan peninsula, formed when the land literally emerged from the sea thousands of years ago, is called the Land of the Mayab. Perfect fusion of past and present, it is an ancient land full of wonders and timeless stories.
Mérida, the capital known as the White City, was founded by Francisco de Montejo
in 1542 on the ruins of a Mayan settlement and is currently a delightful city that combines colonial charm with eclectic art and architecture. The wealth of the city in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, based on the production of henequen and sisal (for making rope and fabrics), led to a significant group of palaces and mansions.
Merida is also a pioneering center thanks to the renewed vigor and industrial activities of the Autonomous University of Yucatan
, the Peón de Contreras Theater
(home of the Yucatan Symphony Orchestra), and other manifestations such as Yucatecan trova, music, jarana, and poetry, among others.
Yucatan has some of the most important Mayan archaeological sites such as Chichén Itzá
, perhaps the most famous Mayan site in the world and the Puuc region or route, where Uxmal stands high.
But the Yucatecan wealth does not end here, but extends to other resources ranging from prehistoric caves (Loltún caves) to Franciscan monasteries such as Maní and Izamal, through ecological reserves populated by birds (Biosphere Reserve of Ría de Celestún), underground rivers that open in spectacular cenotes and entrances to the Mayan Underworld
; beaches full of charm in Progreso and places where cultural syncretism has led to renewed architectural forms.