Writings on Flat Rocks.
Dzibilchaltún means PLACE WHERE THERE IS WRITING ON FLAT ROCKS, and that is exactly what visitors will find in this Mayan archaeological zone.
This site is distinguished due to its long history, which goes back from the mid Preclassic period to the Postclassic period. Its longevity can be explained, among other things, by its privileged location, 17 km from the coast, next to an area of fertile soils. Dzibilchaltún was a large city with a population of nearly 20,000 inhabitants.
The concentric settlement occupies an area of 16 square kilometers. The first three kilometers correspond to the central part and is characterized by the abundance of monumental constructions, such as the Main Plaza
, considered the most important group in the area. The rest of the space is occupied by other architectural groups that become more disperse. Buildings with staggered platforms which do not lead to any chambers are situated towards the end, around the plazas and small pyramids.
A total of 8,400 structures have been recorded here.
It is located at km 14 of the Merida-Progreso highway. He was one of the major urban centers that flourished in northern Yucatan Peninsula, standing out as one of the oldest cities, as there is evidence to confirm its existence since 500 BC to 1500 AD. The city retains 12 sacbes or white roads, most of which start from the center and head towards the periphery constructions, one of which leads to Xlakáh cenote.
The most famous structure is the Temple of the Seven Dolls
, named due to seven small clay statues found in the site when the temple was discovered by archaeologists in the '50s. Due to its characteristics, this building may be classified as a temple. On the spring equinox, the sun rises in such a way that it shines directly through into one of the temple’s windows and straight out the other. The temple is connected with the Main Plaza
by sacbé 1.
OAnother main characteristic of Dzibilchaltún is the Xlacah Cenote, which in Mayan means “old town” and which objects have been recovered of bone, stone and wood. Located near the Main Plaza
, which is 40 meters deep and is the largest of a number of cenotes found in the site.
The archaeological site houses the Mayan People Museum
, which addresses Mayan history and culture, and displays the continuity of plastic arts, the architecture, the language, the clothing, religion and costumes, as well as economic processes and science.