The second largest caves after Loltun are also known as Actun Spukil or Xpukil caves in Mayan. One must use a guide when entering this caverns system of tunnels which start in a Cenote. Discovered in 1875 it was given the name Calcehtok due to the sculpted stone in the shape of a deer at the entrance. Calcehtok in Mayan means NECK DEER FLINT.
Also known as Aktun Xpukil, the Calcehtok caves are, with those of Loltun, among the largest in the Yucatan peninsula. This is a complex cave system therefore you will need a guide to visit it. The name Calcehtok comes from the Maya words “cal” (neck), “ceh” (deer) and “tok” (flintstone).
The cave abounds in Pre-Hispanic materials. Archaeological excavations have unearthed bones from deer and other animals, pottery, quartzite hammerheads, arrowheads, obsidian blades, stone carvings, human burials and “haltunes” (rocks hollowed out to catch leaking water).
The Calcehtok caves are said by some to comprise the longest dry-cave system on the Yucatán Peninsula.
More than 4km have been explored so far, and two of the caves 25 vaults exceed 100m in diameter (one has a 30m-high ‘cupola’) and you can still see low fortifications built by the Maya who sheltered here during the War of the Castes.
Within the suspected 30 different connecting cave system researchers have found intact plates, quartz hammers, arrow tips, stone sculptures, obsidian knives, human burials sites and holtuns.